Provide two specific examples of federal laws or Supreme Court rulings that were victories for the equality movements of the 1960s and 1970s and explain how they have contributed to spreading opportunity to a specific group of Americans.
One example of a victory for inequality movements was the Women's Liberation Movement which occurred during the 1960's. Women were becoming more vocal about their rights and the unfairness of the way they were being treated and what they why they not allowed to do compared to men. One of the biggest accomplishments of women was when the FDA approved oral contraceptive for women which allowed them to have control over their choice to reproduce. In 1963 the federal government amended the Equal Rights Act. This ensured that sex-based wage discrimination between men and women in the same work establishment were prohibited (Barnes, L. & Bowles, M. 2014).
Another example was school desegregation. The 1964 Civil Rights Act included measures to enforce school desegregation. Congressional action and Supreme Court ruling throughout the 1960's and 1970's compelled all school districts to integrate students.
Both of these examples contributed to spreading opportunity to specific groups of Americans. Women were now being empowered and had a voice. They were able to make choices as to what to do with their bodies as well as hold jobs that paid them equal to what a man would make in that position. African Americans were given the opportunity to get an education and take advantage of learning opportunities previously only provided to white students (Barnes, L. & Bowles, M. 2014).
Provide at least one specific example of continuing inequality and discuss how history can explain why it still exists.
An example of continuing inequality would be racism. African Americans and Latinos together (2000) are at a poverty level 2.6 times greater than white Americans. People of color are at a higher rate of living in poverty stricken neighborhoods with limited resources and limited options. There was an injustice as to the benefits and achievements of the white American and those of the African American where the struggle still continues today. In many areas, African American men and women are still lagging behind financial and in respect. Sorry to even say some are still not accepted nor wanted in stores or other public places. This is because no matter how we look at things or even how far we have come, racism is still very prevalent as are stereotypes.
Barnes, L. & Bowles, M. (2014). The American story: Perspectives and encounters from 1877. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc.