Chapter 11 The Money Markets
Financial Markets and Institutions, 8e (Mishkin)
Chapter 11 The Money Markets
1) Activity in money markets increased significantly in the late 1970s and early 1980s because of rising short-term interest rates.
• regulations that limited what banks could pay for deposits.
2) Money market securities have all the following characteristics except they are not
3) Money market instruments
A) are usually sold in large denominations.
B) have low default risk.
C) mature in one year or less.
• are characterized by all of the above.
4) The banking industry
• should have an efficiency advantage in gathering information that would eliminate the need for the money markets.
• exists primarily to mediate the asymmetric information problem between saver-lenders and borrower-spenders.
• is subject to more regulations and governmental costs than the money markets.
5) In situations where asymmetric information problems are not severe,
• the money markets have a distinct cost advantage over banks in providing short-term funds. 6) Brokerage firms that offered money market security accounts in the 1970s had a cost advantage over banks in attracting funds because the brokerage firms were not subject to deposit reserve requirements.
• were not subject to the deposit interest rate ceilings.
7) Which of the following statements about the money markets are true?
• Not all commercial banks deal for their customers in the secondary market.
• Money markets are used extensively by businesses both to warehouse surplus funds and to raise short-term funds.
8) Which of the following statements about the money markets are true?
• Most money market securities do not pay interest. Instead, the investor pays less for the security than it will be worth when it matures.
• Pension funds invest a portion of their assets in the money market to have sufficient liquidity to meet their obligations.
• Unlike most participants in the money market, the U.S. Treasury Department is always a demander of money market funds and never a supplier.
9) Which of the following are true statements about participants in the money markets?
• Large banks participate in the money markets by selling large negotiable CDs.
• The U.S. government and corporations borrow in the money markets because cash inflows and outflows are rarely synchronized.
• The Federal Reserve is the single most influential participant in the U.S. money market.
10) The most influential participant(s) in the U.S. money market is the Federal Reserve.
11) The Fed is an active participant in money markets mainly because of its responsibility to control the money supply.
12) Commercial banks are large holders of ________ and are the major issuer of ________.
• U.S. government securities; negotiable certificates of deposit
13) The primary function of large diversified brokerage firms in the money market is to
• make a market for money market securities by maintaining an inventory from which to buy or sell.
14) Finance companies raise funds in the money market by selling commercial paper.
15) Finance companies play a unique role in money markets by giving consumers indirect access to money markets.
16) When inflation rose in the late 1970s,
• brokerage houses introduced highly popular money market mutual funds, which drew significant amounts of money out of bank deposits.
17) Which of the following is the largest borrower in the money markets? The U.S. Treasury
18) Money market instruments issued by the U.S. Treasury are called Treasury bills.
19) Which of the following statements are true of Treasury bills?
• The market for Treasury bills is extremely deep and liquid.
• Occasionally, investors find that earnings on T-bills do not compensate them for changes in purchasing power due to inflation.
20) Suppose that you purchase a 91-day Treasury bill for $9,850 that is worth $10,000 when it matures. The security's annualized yield if held to maturity is about 6 percent.
21) Suppose that you purchase a 182-day Treasury bill for $9,850 that is worth $10,000 when it matures. The security's annualized yield if held to maturity is about
22) Treasury bills do not pay interest.
23) If your competitive bid for a Treasury bill is successful, then you will probably pay more than if you had submitted a noncompetitive bid.
24) If your noncompetitive bid for a Treasury bill is successful, then you will pay the same as other successful noncompetitive bidders.
25) Federal funds
• are short-term funds transferred between financial institutions, usually for a period of one day.
• actually have nothing to do with the federal government.
• provide banks with an immediate infusion of reserves.
26) Federal funds are
• usually overnight investments.
• borrowed by banks that have a deficit of reserves.
• lent by banks that have an excess of reserves.
27) The Fed can influence the federal funds interest rate by adjusting the level of reserves available tobanks. The Fed can
• lower the federal funds interest rate by adding reserves.
• raise the federal funds interest rate by removing reserves.
• remove reserves by selling securities.
28) The Federal Reserve can influence the federal funds interest rate by buying securities, which ________ reserves, thereby ________ the federal funds rate.
• adds; lowering
29) The Fed can lower the federal funds interest rate by ________ securities, thereby ________ reserves.
• buying; adding
30) If the Fed wants to lower the federal funds interest rate, it will ________ the banking system by ________ securities.
• add reserves to; buying
31) If the Fed wants to raise the federal funds interest rate, it will ________ securities to ________ the banking system.
• sell; remove reserves from
32) Government securities dealers frequently engage in repos to
• manage liquidity.
• take advantage of anticipated changes in interest rates.
• lend or borrow for a day or two with what is essentially a collateralized loan.
33) Repos are
• usually low-risk loans.
• usually collateralized with Treasury securities.
• low interest rate loans.
34) A negotiable certificate of deposit
• is a term security because it has a specified maturity date.
• is a bearer instrument, meaning whoever holds the certificate at maturity receives the principal and interest.
• can be bought and sold until maturity.
35) Negotiable certificates of deposit
• are bearer instruments because their holders earn the interest and principal at maturity. typically have a maturity of one to four months.
36) Commercial paper securities
• are issued only by the largest and most creditworthy corporations, as they are unsecured.
• carry an interest rate that varies according to the firm's level of risk.
• never have a term to maturity that exceeds 270 days.
37) Unlike most money market securities, commercial paper is not generally traded in a secondary market.
38) A banker's acceptance is
• used to finance goods that have not yet been transferred from the seller to the buyer. an order to pay a specified amount of money to the bearer on a given date.
39) Banker's acceptances
• can be bought and sold until they mature.
• are issued only by large money center banks.
• carry low interest rates because of the very low default risk.
• are time deposits with fixed maturities and are, therefore, somewhat illiquid.
• may offer the borrower a lower interest rate than can be received in the domestic market.
41) Which of the following statements about money market securities are true?
• The interest rates on all money market instruments move very closely together over time.
• The secondary market for Treasury bills is extensive and well developed.
• There is no well-developed secondary market for commercial paper.
42) Money market transactions
• do not take place in any one particular location or building.
• are usually arranged purchases and sales between participants over the phone by traders and completed electronically.
43) Two important characteristics of any financial market are flexibility and innovation.
44) The main role of investment companies in the money market is to trade on behalf of commercial accounts.
45) In a direct placement
• the issuer bypasses the dealer and sells indirectly to the end investor.
46) The advantage of mutual funds is that they
• give investors with relatively small amounts of cash to invest access to large-denomination securities.
47) Asset-backed commercial paper differs from conventional commercial paper in that it is backed (secured) by some bundle of assets.
48) The usual maturity range for commercial paper is ________.
• 1 to 270 days
49) The usual maturity range for fed funds is ________.
• 1 to 7 days
1) Money market securities are short-term instruments with an original maturity of less than one year.
2) Money market securities include Treasury bills, commercial paper, federal funds, repurchase agreements, negotiable certificates of deposit, banker's acceptances, and Eurodollars. * TRUE
3) The term money market is actually a misnomer, because liquid securities are traded in these markets rather than money.
4) Money markets are referred to as retail markets because small individual investors are the primary buyers of money market securities. * FALSE
5) The U.S. Treasury Department is the single most influential participant in the U.S. money market.
6) The U.S. Treasury Department is the single largest borrower in the U.S. money market.* TRUE
7) Banks are unusual participants in the money market because they buy, but do not sell, money market instruments.
8) Money markets are used extensively by businesses both to warehouse surplus funds and to raise short-term funds.
9) The market for U.S. Treasury bills is a shallow market because so few individual investors buy Tbills.
10) The T-bill is not an investment to be used for anything but temporary storage of excess funds because it barely keeps up with inflation.
11) The main purpose of federal funds is to provide banks with an immediate infusion of reserves should they be short.
12) The Fed can influence the federal funds rate by adjusting the level of reserves in the banking system.
13) Commercial paper securities are unsecured promissory notes, issued by corporations, that mature in no more than 270 days.
14) A banker's acceptance is an order to pay a specified amount of money to the bearer on a given date. Banker's acceptances have been used since the twelfth century. * TRUE
15) Interest rates on banker's acceptances are low because the risk of default is very low.
16) The size of the asset-backed commercial paper market nearly doubled between 2004 and 2007 to about $1 trillion.
17) In general, money market instruments are low-risk, high-yield securities.* FALSE
18) Commercial paper has been used in various forms since the 1930s.
19) The Treasury accepts noncompetitive bids in ascending order of yield until the accepted bids reach the offering amount. * FALSE
20) Not all commercial banks deal in the secondary money market for their customers. * TRUE
1) Explain why banks, which would seem to have a comparative advantage in gathering information, have not eliminated the need for the money markets. Topic: Chapter 11.1 The Money Markets Defined
2) Explain how the Federal Reserve can influence the federal funds interest rate.Topic: Chapter 11.1 The Money Markets Defined
3) Explain why the money markets are referred to as wholesale markets.Topic: Chapter 11.1 The Money Markets Defined
4) Explain why money market interest rates move so closely together over time.Topic: Chapter 11.5 Comparing Money Market Securities
5) How are Treasury bills sold? How do competitive and noncompetitive bids differ?Topic: Chapter 11.4 Money Market Instruments
6) What are the main characteristics of money market securities?Topic: Chapter 11.4 Money Market Instruments
7) What are the major types of securities and who are the major participants in the money markets?Topic: Chapter 11.3 Who Participates in the Money Markets?
8) Explain how and why repurchase agreements would be used.
Topic: Chapter 11.4 Money Market Instruments
9) The size of the asset-backed commercial paper market nearly doubled between 2004 and 2007 to about $1 trillion. Discuss how the subprime meltdown and collapse of the ABCP market almost led to the collapse of the money market mutual fund market as well. Topic: Chapter 11.4 Money Market Instruments
10) Why would we expect rates on money market securities to move together?
Topic: Chapter 11.5 Comparing Money Market Securities