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BTS 161 - with Windows 10, Getting Started F16

Address bar- The area at the top of a File Explorer Window that displays your current location in the folder structure as a series of links separated by arrows.

Clipboard- A temporary storage area in Windows that stores the most recently copied item.

Compress- To reduce the size of a file or combine several files into one.

Desktop- The main Windows 10 screen that serves as a starting point and surface for your work, like the top of an actual desk.

Desktop background- Displays the colors and graphics of your desktop; you can change this to look the way you want.

Details pane- Displays the most common properties associated with the selected file.

Dialog box- A small window that displays options for completing a task. These do not have Minimize buttons.

Double-click- Press the left mouse button two times in rapid succession, using caution not to move the mouse.

Drag- To move the mouse pointer while holding down the left mouse button, and then release at the appropriate time.

Drive- An area of storage that is formatted with the Windows file system and that has a drive letter such as C.


Work that you save and store on a drive, such as a Word document or a PowerPoint presentation.

File extension

The three or four characters to the right of the period in a file name. These tell the computer which program to use to open the file.

File list

Displays the contents of the current folder or library.


Storage area, represented on the screen by a picture of a paper file folder, used to store files or other folders.


Small images that represent commands, files, applications, or other windows.

Jump list

A list that displays when you right-click a button on the taskbar.

Local disk

A large disk drive inside your computer, also referred to as a hard disk.


To increase the size of a window to fill the screen.


A list of commands within a category.

Menu bar

A group of menus.


To remove the window from the screen without closing it. You can open it again from the taskbar.

Navigation pane

The area on the left side of a folder window; it displays favorites, libraries, and an expandable list of drives and folders.

Operating system

A specific type of computer program that manages the other programs on a computer.


A program included with Windows in which you can create and edit drawings and display and edit photos.

Recycle Bin

A folder that stores anything you delete from your computer, and from which anything stored can be retrieved until they are permanently deleted.


The action of clicking the right mouse button.


Useful information that displays in a small box on the screen when you point to screen elements.

Scroll box

The box in the vertical and horizontal scroll bars that can be dragged to reposition the document on the screen.

Shortcut menu

A context-sensitive menu that displays commands and options relevant to the active object. This menu changes depending on what your mouse cursor is touching when you open it.


The image captured using the Snipping Tool.

Snipping Tool

A program used to take a picture of a screen or part of a screen.


Properties that you create and add to a file to help you find and organize your files.


The area of the desktop that contains program buttons, and buttons for all open programs; it is located at the bottom of the desktop.


A reduced image of a graphic.

Title bar

The bar across the top of the window that displays the program name.

Windows 10

An operating system developed by Microsoft that is designed to work with mobile computing devices.


An image file format; this is a common file type used by digital cameras and computers to store digital pictures.


An image file format; this is an image file type that can be transferred over the internet.

Action Center

Located in the notification area, a central place to view alerts and take actions related to things that need your attention.


The shortened version of the word "application."

App bar

An area at the bottom of every Windows Store app containing various controls related to the app.


A set of instructions that a computer uses to accomplish a task; also called a program.


An icon that displays on the Lock screen, below the time, that represents the status of your internet connection.

Booting the computer

The process of turning on a computer when the computer has been completely shut down.


The action of pressing the left mouse button.

Cloud storage

Storage space on an Internet site that can also display as a drive on your computer.

Compressed file

A file that has been reduced in size and that takes up less storage space and can be transferred to other computers faster.

Contextual tab

Context-sensitive commands and options on the ribbon that are relevant to the active object.


A term for the Windows 10 Start menu.


All the files - documents, workbooks, pictures, etc. - that you create and store on the computer.

Data management

The process of managing your files and folders in an organized way so that you can find them easily.

Desktop app

A computer program installed on the hard drive of a computer and that requires a computer operating system to run.

Desktop shortcuts

Desktop icons that link to any item accessible on your computer or on a network, such as a program, file, or folder.

Details view

The file list view in File Explorer that displays a list of files or folders and their most common properties.


The action of decompressing - pulling out - files from a compressed form.

File Explorer

The program within Windows 10 that displays the contents of libraries, folders, and files on your computer, and which also enables you to perform tasks related to your files and folders, such as copying, moving, and renaming.

File properties

Information about a file such as its author, the date it was last changed and any descriptive tags.

Folder structure

The hierarchy of folders in Windows 10.

Folder window

Displays the contents of the current folder, library, or device, and contains helpful parts so that you can navigate.

Free-form snip

When using Snipping tool, the type of snip that lets you draw an irregular line, such as a circle, around an area of the screen.

Full-screen snip

When using the Sniping Tool, the type of snip that captures the entire screen.

Graphical user interface (GUI)

The system by which you interact with your computer and which uses graphics, such as an image of a file or folder, that you click to activate the item represented.

Hard disk drive

The primary storage device located inside your computer and where most of your files and programs are typically stored: usually labeled as drive C.


An arrangement where items are ranked and where each level is lower in rank than the item above it.

Insertion point

A blinking vertical line that indicates where text or graphics will be inserted.

Keyboard shortcut

A combination of two or more keyboard keys, used to perform a task that would otherwise require using a mouse.

Live tiles

Tiles on the Windows 10 Start screen that are constantly updated with fresh information relevant to the user.


Any disk drive, folder, or other place in which you can store files and folders.

Lock screen

The first screen that displays after turning on Windows 10, which shows the time, day, and date.


A free file storage and file sharing service provided by Microsoft.

Parent folder

In the file organizing structure of File Explorer, the location where the folder you are viewing is saved - one level up in the hierarchy.


A sequence of folders that leads to a specific file or folder.

PC settings

The area from which you can control almost everything about how Windows 10 looks and works.

Personal folder

A folder created for each user account on a Windows 10 computer, labeled with the account holder's name.

Point to

The action of moving the mouse pointer over a specific area, but not clicking.


Any symbol that displays on your screen in response to moving your mouse and with which you can select objects and commands.

Pointing device

A mouse, touchpad, or other device that controls the pointer.


A set of instructions that a computer uses to accomplish a task.

Rectangular snip

When using the Snipping Tool, the type of snip that lets you draw a box by dragging the mouse pointer around an area of the screen.

Removable storage device

A portable device on which you can store files.


The area at the top of a folder window in File Explorer that groups common tasks and commands.

Screen capture (Screenshot)

An image file that contains the contents of a computer screen.

Scroll arrow

An arrow at the top and bottom, or left and right, of a scroll bar that when clicked, moves the window in small amounts.

Scroll bar

A bar that displays on the bottom or right side of a window when the contents are not completely visible; used to move the window up and down.


To specify, by highlighting, a block of data or text on the screen.


Turning off your computer in a way that automatically saves your work, stops the fan, and uses a small amount of electrical power.

Split button

A button that has two parts - a button and an arrow; clicking the button performs a command and clicking the arrow opens a menu.

Start search

The search feature in Windows 10 in which, from the Start screen, you can search for apps.

Start tip

The thumbnail that displays when you point to the lower left corner of your screen.

System tray

Another name for the notification area on the taskbar.


Square and rectangular boxes on the Windows 10 Start menu from which one can access apps, websites, programs, and tools.


Another term for the desktop background.

Web browser

Software with which you display webpages and navigate the Internet.

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